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GIS and Disease Monitoring

GIS and Disease Monitoring

Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Practice Management System (PMS)  integrations are complex from a technical and business logic layer  perspective. Additional systems, such as Geographic Information Systems  (GIS), Radiological Information Systems (RIS), and Picture Archiving and  Communication Systems (PACS) can add tremendous value but even greater  complexity. 
A GIS is a computer-based system for the capture, storage,  retrieval, analysis, and display of spatial data. The geovisualization  of data is an important component of health care IT analytical processes  especially as they apply to disease management and surveillance. 
A Radiology Information System (RIS) is responsible for  managing and distributing patient radiological data and imagery. An RIS  also possesses patient scheduling, report generation, billing, and image  tracking capabilities. Picture Archiving and Communication Systems  (PACS) enable digital storage of radiology images and remote access. 
These systems can be used to help monitor and manage  disease outbreaks, and they can also be used to discern patterns from  health data. In this Discussion, you will look at how these systems can  monitor health issues related to child abuse. 
To prepare for this discussion, read the following from your course text Health Information: Management of a Strategic Resource: 

Chapter 6, “Electronic Health Record Systems”

Research the Internet for information about EHRs, PMS, GIS, RIS, and PACS. The following Web sites may be helpful:
Unfortunately, child abuse is a problem in many countries, and within  the United States it is on the rise. It is estimated that more than 4  million cases of child abuse occur each year and many victims are  younger than 5 years of age. Common radiological signs of abuse include  long bone, rib, and skull fractures, subdural and subarachnoid  hemorrhage (blood clots on brain), cerebral edema (brain swelling), and  abdominal injury (especially to duodenum and pancreas). 

How might a GIS-enhanced RIS platform provide child abuse social service caseworkers with information of value to their work?
What value might a GIS-enhanced application provide to a RIS platform? 
What value would be derived from finding clusters of  child-related fractures within a given narrow geography due to a  GIS-enhanced RIS application? 
In what other ways is a GIS-enhanced application valuable within the framework of disease monitoring and management? 
What IT considerations are there with the integration of GIS, RIS, and PACS?

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